June 1944 (2)
12-13 June – the US TF-58 intercepted a Japanese convoy of 20 ships fleeing the Mariana Islands. Most of the ships were sunk or heavily damaged The USS California and Braine were damaged by enemy coastal guns. Another Japanese convoy of 6 vessels was also attacked west of Guam. The Marianas continued to be bombed by air, battleships and destroyers.
The same was done at Matsuwa in the Kuriles by the 20th Air Force. B-29’s carried out the first air raid against Japan since Doolittle’s attack in April of ’42. They bombed the Imperial Iron and Steel Works at Yawata.
The Marianas campaign expanded United States Army operations in a theater commanded by the U.S. Navy. Admiral Nimitz assigned overall campaign responsibility to Vice Adm. Raymond A. Spruance’s Fifth Fleet. Vice Adm. Richmond Kelly Turner would command the Joint Expeditionary Force charged with…
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